Abbadia San Salvatore

Abbey of Sant'Antimo


Albarese

Acquapendente


Archipelago Toscano


Arcidosso


Arezzo


Asciano


Badia di Coltibuono


Bagno Vignoni

Barberino Val d'Elsa

Beaches

Bolsena Lake


Bomarzo

Brunello di Montalcino

Buenconvento

Campagnatico


Capalbio


Castel del Piano


Castelfiorentino

Castell'Azarra

Castellina in Chianti


Castelmuzio


Castelnuovo Bererdenga


Castiglioncello Bandini


Castiglione della Pescaia


Castiglione d'Orcia


Castiglion Fiorentino


Celleno


Certaldo


Chinaciano Terme


Chianti


Chiusi


Cinigiano


Città di Castello

Cività di Bagnoregio


Colle Val d'Elsa


Cortona


Crete Senesi


Diaccia Botrona


Isola d'Elba


Firenze


Follonica


Gaiole in Chianti


Gavorrano

Gerfalco


Greve in Chianti


Grosseto


Lago Trasimeno


La Foce


Manciano


Maremma


Massa Marittima


Montagnola Senese


Montalcino


Monte Amiata


Monte Argentario


Montefalco


Montemassi


Montemerano


Monte Oliveto Maggiore


Montepulciano


Monteriggioni


Monticchiello


Monticiano


Orbetello


Orvieto


Paganico


Parco Naturale della Maremma


Perugia


Piancastagnaio


Pienza


Pisa


Pitigliano

Prato

Punta Ala

Radda in Chianti


Roccalbegna


Roccastrada


San Bruzio


San Casciano dei Bagni


San Galgano


San Gimignano


San Giovanni d'Asso


San Quirico d'Orcia


Sansepolcro


Santa Fiora


Sant'Antimo


Sarteano


Saturnia


Scansano


Scarlino


Seggiano


Siena


Sinalunga


Sorano


Sovana


Sovicille

Talamone

Tarquinia


Tavernelle Val di Pesa


Torrita di Siena


Trequanda


Tuscania


Umbria


Val d'Elsa


Val di Merse


Val d'Orcia


Valle d'Ombrone


Vetulonia


Viterbo

Volterra



 

             
 

Francesco di Giorgio, Pope Pius II Names Cardinal His Nephew.jpg


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Francesco di Giorgio Martini (1439–1501)Pope Pius II Names Cardinal His Nephew, 1460, 49 cm x 34 cm, State Archives, Siena [1]

 

 

Surroundings
       
   
Francesco di Giorgio Martini (1439–1501), Pope Pius II Names Cardinal His Nephew, 1460, 49 cm x 34 cm, State Archives, Siena

   
   

Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Sienese painter, sculptor, architect and engineer, belongs to a select group of Renaissance practitioners, including Brunelleschi, Alberti, Michelangelo, Peruzzi, and, of course, Leonardo da Vinci, who excelled in several of the arts at the same time. A native of Siena, he may have been trained by Vecchietta (1410-1480), both a successful painter and sculptor. Francesco di Giorgio's early career, however, is too poorly documented to make any definitive judgments.

The tablet originating from the Biccherna (revenue office) was recently attributed to Francesco di Giorgio. It depicts the scene when Pope Pius II (Enea Silvio Piccolomini) names Cardinal his nephew Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini.

This is one of the small panels that served as book covers for the semiannual ledgers of the biccherna and gabella, the financial and fiscal offices of the commune of Siena. The tradition of binding the ledger volumes with painted wood panels was instituted in 1257 and the oldest preserved panel covers the accounts of the second semester of 1258. The Archivio di Stato in Siena has a collection of over a hundred of these panels.

The earliest covers usually show the camerlengo (the chief financial officer of the Republic), often a monk from the Cistercian abbey of San Galgano, as he writes in his account book, counts or disburses money, or supervises a clerk. The covers always display the coats of arms of at least four leading citizens who served as provveditori charged with overseeing the financial proceedings. The names of all these officers are prominently mentioned on the lower half of the panels, thus vouching for the accuracy of the accounts.

While most of the panels of the 13th and 14th centuries are anonymous, we find among the later panels attributions to Paolo di Giovanni Fei, Giovanni di Paolo, Sano di Pietro, Francesco di Giorgio Martini, and Benvenuto di Giovanni. Some 15th century panels record important events of Sienese history, such as the coronation of Pius II on a biccherna of 1460, or the Virgin protecting Siena from an earthquake on the biccherna of 1467.

Inscription:

QUESTA E’ L’ENTRATA E L’USCITA DELLA GENERAKABELLA DEL COMUNO DI SIENA AL TEMPO DE’ SAVI HUOMINI GIOVANNI DI MISSERE PIETRO PECCI KAMARLENGO DI KABELLA, MATHEO DI GHUIDO, GIOVANNI DI CIECHO THOMASI, MISSERE BINDO DI SER GIOVANNI BINDI, GABRIOCCIO DI NICHOLÒ THOLOMEI, ESSEGUITHORI DI KABELBELLA (a). MARIANO DI MEIO DI NANDO ISCRIPTORE DI KABELLA, SER GHUASPARRE D’ANTONIO NOTAIO (b) DI KABELLA PER SEI MESI COMINCIATI A D? PRIMO DI GENNAIO (c) 1459 E FINITI A D? ULTIMO DI GIUGNO 1460

 

   
   

Mappa Archivio di Stato di Siena | Ingrandire mappa


 

 
   
         
         
         


Italian Painters | Francesco di Giorgio Martini

Art in Tuscany | Sienese Biccherna Covers | Biccherne Senesi


[1] Di Francesco di Giorgio Martini - Web Gallery of Art:   Image  Info about artwork, Pubblico dominio, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12132305